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Lustrous Manganite Crystal Grouping

The Mineral manganite

Manganite is a mineral named for its dominating manganese content. It forms in manganese deposits, where it is more common than perceived as an uninteresting mineral. However, several localities produce very aesthetic, well-crystallized forms of Manganite that are highly lustrous. These exceptional examples, especially those from Ilfied in Germany, are rarities that are highly prized by collectors, with high-end collectors vying for the top specimens of this mineral. 
Chemical Formula MnO(OH)
Composition Basic manganese hydroxide
Color Dark gray to black
Streak Reddish brown to black
Hardness 3.5 - 4
Crystal System Monoclinic
3D Crystal Atlas
(Click for animated model) 
Crystal Forms
and Aggregates
Manganite is best known in aggregates of blocky and short prismatic crystals. Crystal aggregates are usually in disorganized clusters with the crystals coming out of all directions. Thick crystals are heavily striated lengthwise, and often exhibit curvature. Twinning, in both penetration twinning and contact twinning, is known. Additional habits include acicular, radiating, fibrous, plumose, mammilary, globular, grainy, and massive.
Transparency Opaque
Specific Gravity 4.3 - 4.4
Luster Submetallic
Cleavage 1,1
Fracture Uneven
Tenacity Brittle
In Group Oxides; Hydroxides
Striking Features Crystal habit, mode of occurrence, and streak
Environment In low temperature hydrothermal replacement deposits, acid-rich bogs, and in manganese-rich hot springs.
Rock Type Sedimentary, Metamorphic
Popularity (1-4) 2
Prevalence (1-3) 2
Demand (1-3) 2

Manganite AUCTIONS


Manganite has been used as an ore of manganese in the past. The classic, well-crystallized forms of Manganite from Germany make an important collector's mineral that is highly prized by collectors.

The premier locality for Manganite is Ilfeld, in the Harz Mountains, Thuringia, Germany, where it was found in exceptionally lustrous blocky crystals. The best of this seems to have come from the late 1800's, with no new recent discoveries of interest.

Large and often curved crystals are found in the Kalahari manganese field, in Northern Cape Province, South Africa - at the Wessels Mine in Hotazel; and at the N'Chwaning Mines in Kuruman. Radiating and fibrous Manganite, resembling Pyrolusite, has come from the Bölet Manganese Mines, Undenäs, Karlsborg, Sweden.

Lustrous blocky Manganite crystals in vugs, as well as sharp acicular crystals, have been mined in Canada at the Caland Mine, Atikokan, in the Rainy River District, Ontario. Also in Canada is Walton and Cheverie, Hants Co., Nova Scotia, which has produced fibrous crystal groupings. The historic Michigan iron-mining districts of Negaunee, in the Marquette iron range, Marquette Co.; and Ironwood, in the Gogebic iron range, Gogebic Co. have also produced Manganite specimens of interest.

Barite, Quartz, Pyrolusite, Calcite, Limonite, Siderite, Goethite

Pyrolusite - Rarely forms in large crystals like Manganite; otherwise can be distinguished by streak.
Enargite - Luster is more metallic, and has a different streak.
Goethite - Greater hardness, more brown in color color, and has a different streak.
Hematite - Different crystal habits, greater hardness, more metallic luster.

manganite PHOTOS
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