Minerals & Gemstone 480x104

Advertising Information

Single Aegirine Clinopinacoid

The Mineral aegirine

Aegirine is a member of the pyroxene group, and forms a series with the mineral Augite. It is well known for its long slender crystals with very distinctive terminations, and some of the more lustrous forms of this mineral are true classics. Aegirine was named by Norweigan mineralogist Hans Morten Thrane Esmark (1801–1882). Esmark named this mineral after Aegir, a mythical Norse sea god, in recognition of the discovery of Aegirine near the sea.
Chemical Formula NaFeSi2O6
Composition Sodium iron silicate
Color Black, brown, dark green, reddish black
Streak Light gray
Hardness 6 - 6.5
Crystal System Monoclinic
3D Crystal Atlas
(Click for animated model) 
Crystal Forms
and Aggregates
As long, thin, prismatic or bladed crystals, usually with a pointed pyramid on top (clinopinacoidal), and very often embedded in a matrix. Fibrous masses, radiating acicular sprays, and interlocking thin prismatic crystals are also common. May also be in reticulated masses and in grainy aggregates embedded in a matrix. Crystals are often striated lengthwise, and doubly terminated crystals are occasionally found.
Transparency Opaque. Translucent in thin splinters.
Specific Gravity 3.5 - 3.6
Luster Vitreous
Cleavage 1,2; Prismatic at cleavage angles of 87º and 93º (characteristic of minerals in the pyroxene group).
May also exhibit parting in one direction.
Fracture Uneven, splintery
Tenacity Brittle
In Group Silicates; Inosilicates; Pyroxene Group
Striking Features Unusually steep crystals and environment
Environment An important mineral nepheline syenite pegmatites, also in metamorphosed schist and gneiss.
Popularity (1-4) 2
Prevalence (1-3) 3
Demand (1-3) 2


The steep, prismatic, well-shaped specimens are valued by collectors.

Aegirine comes from Norway at Ovre Eiker and Kongsberg in Buskerud; and at Langesunfjord in Telemark and Vestfold. Other well-know Aegirine occurrences are the Khibiny Massif in the Kola Peninsula of Russia; Narssarssuk Greenland; and Pocos de Caldas, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Some of the most outstanding crystals of Aegirine, in lustrous slender crystals often perched on a matrix come from Mt. Malosa, Zomba District, Malawi.

In the U.S., the premier Aegirine locality is Magnet Cove, Garland Co., Arkansas, where slender crystals can be found crisscrossing in a light colored matrix. In Canada, outstanding specimens, often associated with rare minerals, comes from the quarries at Mont St. Hilaire, Quebec. Also recently producing fine specimens is the nearby Demix-Varennes quarry in Varennes, Quebec.

Albite, Nepheline, Quartz, Microcline, Sodalite, Biotite, Augite, Arfvedsonite, Riebeckite, Eudialyte

Augite - Lacks steep pyramidal crystals.
Tourmaline - Lacks steep pyramidal crystals, harder.
Arfvedsonite - Can be very difficult to distinguish, though lacks steep pyramidal crystals.

aegirine PHOTOS
DISCUSSIONView Forum | Post to Forum
Have a question about Aegirine? Visit our Q&A Community and ask the experts!

To sponsor this page, click here.

Let us know how we can update this page
(Click for more details)
We strive for accurate content and locality information. If you feel any of the content is incorrect, or if you feel we are missing vital locality information, please fill out the form below so we can update the site. If you are requesting a locality be added, please only include significant locality occurences for the mineral.