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Compact Wollastonite Grouping

The Mineral wollastonite




Wollastonite was named in honor William Hyde Wollaston (1766-1828), a British chemist and physicist noted for his inventions in optics. It is an important industrial mineral and is well known for its good fluorescence.
Chemical Formula CaSiO3
Composition Calcium silicate
Color White, beige, gray, light yellow, light green, brown, and pink.
Streak White
Hardness 4.5 - 5
Crystal System Triclinic
3D Crystal Atlas
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Crystal Forms
and Aggregates
Rarely occurs in single crystals, which are tabular and often twinned. Usually fibrous, radiating, grainy, bladed, massive, as cleavage fragments, and as compact groupings of elongated tabular crystals.
Transparency Translucent
Specific Gravity 2.8 - 2.9
Luster Vitreous, silky
Cleavage 1,2 - pinacoidal, similar to that of the pyroxene minerals.
Fracture Uneven, splintery
Tenacity Brittle
Other ID Marks Usually fluorescent yellow, orange, or white.
Complex Tests Dissolves in hydrochloric acid.
In Group Silicates; Inosilicates
Striking Features Cleavage angle, crystal habit, and fluorescence.
Environment In metamorphic rocks especially marbles and hornfels.
Rock Type Metamorphic
Popularity (1-4) 2
Prevalence (1-3) 2
Demand (1-3) 1

Wollastonite ON EBAY

VARIETIES
 -  Gray or brown, iron-rich variety of Wollastonite, with iron partially replacing the calcium. Its chemical formula is (Ca,Fe)SiO3.
 -  Light pink, manganese-rich variety of Wollastonite, with manganese partially replacing the calcium. Its chemical formula is (Ca,Mn)SiO3.
POLYMORPHS
Wollastonite occurs in three different forms, depending on its crystallization. Common Wollastonite is known as Wollastonite 1A, indicating that it is one form of Wollastonite that crystallizes in the triclinic system. The "1A" distinguishes it from two rarer forms of Wollastonite, which are scientifically different minerals since they crystallize differently: Wollastonite 2M and Wollastonite 7A. Wollastonite 2M crystallizes in the monoclinic system, and Wollastonite 7A in the triclinic system but forms different crystals than Wollastonite 1A.

(Wollastonite 7A can be further divided into four additional minerals which are almost identical. They are Wollastonite 3A, 4A, 5A, and 7A.)

Additional names may be given to the variant forms of Wollastonite:

Wollastonite 1A Wollastonite
Wollastonite 2M Parawollastonite
Wollastonite 7A Pseudowollastonite

Both Wollastonite 2M and Wollastonite 7A are very rare. Most Wollastonite specimens are Wollastonite 1A.

USES
Wollastonite is an industrially important mineral. It is a necessary ingredient in heat-resistant refractory ceramics and is used as a filler in paint. It is also used in the manufacture of paper and plastics.

Due to its fluorescece, Wollastonite is a popular mineral among collectors who specialize in fluorescent minerals.

NOTEWORTHY LOCALITIES
European occurrences of Wollastonite include Monte Somma, Vesuvius, Italy; the Stanisław quarry, Świeradów Zdrój, Poland; and Pargas, Finland. In Canada, Wollastonite is found at the Jeffery Mine, Asbestos, Quebec.

In the U.S., Wollastonite occurs in California at the Crestmore Quarry, Riverside Co.; and the Lone Pine Mine, Independence, Inyo Co., California. Upstate New York contains several important deposits, including Natural Bridge; St. Lawrence Co.; the Rose Road Locality, near Pitcairn, St. Lawrence Co.; Lake Bonaparte and Diana, Lewis Co.; and Willsboro, Essex Co. Wollastonite that fluoresces a bright orange-yellow is well known at Franklin and Ogdensburg, Sussex Co., New Jersey.

COMMON MINERAL ASSOCIATIONS
Calcite, Grossular, Vesuvianite, Diopside, Epidote

DISTINGUISHING SIMILAR MINERALS
Tremolite - Has different cleavage angles; otherwise can be difficult to distinguish
Pectolite - Crystals more compact and densely fibrous, and usually in different environments than Wollastonite.


wollastonite PHOTOS
 
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