Advertising Information

Uvarovite with Large Crystal

The Mineral uvarovite




Uvarovite is a rare member of the Garnet group that is consistently deep green in color. Its most widespread habit is as lustrous, tiny, emerald-green crystals densely coating a matrix. Uvarovite is the only true chromium Garnet; other forms of Garnet such as Andradite and Grossular may have a deep green color due to chromium impurities and can sometimes be mistakenly labeled as Uvarovite. Uvarovite was first discovered in 1832 by Germain Henri Hess, who named the new mineral after Count Sergei Semenovitch Uvarov (1765-1855), a Russian statesman and mineral collector.
Chemical Formula Ca3Cr2Si3O12
Composition Calcium chromium silicate
Color Green to emerald-green
Streak Colorless
Hardness 6.5 - 7
Crystal System Isometric
3D Crystal Atlas
(Click for animated model) 
Crystal Forms
and Aggregates
Most often in drusy groupings of dodecahedral crystals. Seldom in single crystals. Also in crusty and spiky aggregates of tiny crystals.
Transparency Translucent
Specific Gravity 3.7 - 3.8
Luster Vitreous to adamantine
Cleavage None
Fracture Conchoidal to uneven
Tenacity Brittle
In Group Silicates; Nesosilicates; Garnet Group
Striking Features Color, crystal aggregates, and hardness
Environment In metamorphic chromium-rich environments, especially Serpentine deposits.
Rock Type Metamorphic
Popularity (1-4) 2
Prevalence (1-3) 3
Demand (1-3) 1

Uvarovite ON EBAY
OTHER NAMES
Chrome Garnet Synonym of Uvarovite. May also refer to other green chromium-rich forms of Garnet such as deep emerald-green Demantoid and Grossular.


USES
Uvarovite crystals are too small to be faceted into gemstones. However, plates of Uvarovite crystals are sometimes polished in cabochons and used as pendants.
Also see the gemstone section on Uvarovite and Garnet.

Uvarovite is also a rare mineral with a very interesting color, and is very well sought by mineral collectors.

NOTEWORTHY LOCALITIES
Uvarovite is a rare mineral, and its occurrences are limited. The largest crystals of this mineral come from Outukumpu, Finland, where they come as individual crystals often embedded in a matrix. The most prolific Uvarovite and type locality is the Saranovskii Mine in Sarany, in the Ural Mountains of Russia, where it occurs as small emerald-green crystal grouping often covering a matrix. Small crystals are found in Val Malenco, Lombardy, Italy;  and in the Kop Krom mine, Erzerum, Turkey. In the U.S., Uvarovite occurs in California in Jackson, Amador Co.; Jacksonville, Tuolumne Co.; and near Livermore, Alameda Co.

COMMON MINERAL ASSOCIATIONS
Chromite, Olivine, Serpentine, Diopside, Tremolite, Chalcopyrite

DISTINGUISHING SIMILAR MINERALS
Grossular - Usually in larger crystals, which are paler in color and are less lustrous.
Demantoid - Usually occurs in larger crystals, color not usually as deep emerald-green; otherwise very hard to distinguish.
Dioptase - Softer, occurs in different crystals and environments.
Torbernite and Zeunerite - Softer, occur in different crystals forms and environments.


uvarovite PHOTOS
 
ADDITIONAL RESOURCES
 
DISCUSSIONView Forum | Post to Forum
Have a question about Uvarovite? Visit our Q&A Community and ask the experts!
PAGE SPONSOR  

To sponsor this page, click here.

Let us know how we can update this page
(Click for more details)
We strive for accurate content and locality information. If you feel any of the content is incorrect, or if you feel we are missing vital locality information, please fill out the form below so we can update the site. If you are requesting a locality be added, please only include significant locality occurences for the mineral.