Advertising Information

Radiating Thomsonite Hemispheres

The Mineral thomsonite




Thomsonite is an uncommon and desirable member of the zeolite group, forming in unique and interesting crystal aggregates. In 1997, the Zeolite Subcommittee of the IMA divided this mineral into two individual sub-species, thereby regarding Thomsonite as a series of two members. The series is defined by calcium and strontium end members. Common Thomsonite, which is calcium-dominating, is called Thomsonite-Ca, and is usually pure without any strontium. Strontium-dominating Thomsonite is known as Thomsonite-Sr, and is extremely rare. Almost all Thomsonite specimens in collections are Thomsonite-Ca. A distinction among the two Thomsonite types is rarely made, and the term Thomsonite is generally used without any further breakdown.

An interesting habit of Thomsonite is as rounded, concentric bands, which are polished into aesthetic rounded stones. This form is most well-known at Thomsonite Beach at Grand Marais, Minnesota, on the shoreline of Lake Superior. It usually forms in association with other zeolites and green Chlorite. Thomsonite is named in honor of Scottish mineralogist and chemist Thomas Thomson.
Chemical Formula Thomsonite-Ca: NaCa2Al5Si5O20 · 6(H2O)
Thomsonite-Sr: Na(Sr,Ca)2Al5Si5O20 · 7(H2O)
Composition Hydrous sodium calcium aluminum silicate. Thomsonite-Sr contains a domination of strontium over calcium.
Color White, beige, cream, light yellow, light gray, light brown, light orange, light pink. Sometimes banded in multicolored radiating rings.
Streak White
Hardness 5 - 5.5
Crystal System Orthorhombic
Crystal Forms
and Aggregates
In platy aggregates, in distinct curved aggregates of fan-shaped or mushroom-shaped formations, in rounded balls of radiating crystals, and in rounded ball agglomerations or in interconnected rounded crystals. Also in wheat sheaf bundles, radiating, fan-shaped formations, acicular, bladed, and globular.
Transparency Transparent to translucent
Specific Gravity 2.3 - 2.5
Luster Vitreous, silky
Cleavage 1,1;1,2
Fracture Conchoidal, uneven
Tenacity Brittle
In Group Silicates; Tectosilicates; Zeolite Group
Striking Features Crystal habits and association with other zeolites.
Environment In volcanic basalt, usually in vesicles and pockets within the basalt.
Rock Type Igneous
Popularity (1-4) 3
Prevalence (1-3) 3
Demand (1-3) 1

Thomsonite ON EBAY

VARIETIES
 -  Thomsonite from the Faroe Islands (Denmark).
 -  Variety of banded and often concentric Thomsonite in nodular form from the Grand Marais area of Minnesota on the shores of Lake Superior. This variety name is usually applied to tumbled or polished forms.

USES
Thomsonite is a rare collectible mineral and is especially important to zeolite collectors. Radiating, banded Thomsonites from Michigan are often tumbled and polished, and may be used as minor jewelery objects such as beads.

NOTEWORTHY LOCALITIES
Some of the finest Thomsonite comes from several localities in the Faroe Islands (Denmark), usually as rounded, spiky balls. Jelly-like, rounded balls are well-known from Děčín, Ústí Region, Bohemia, Czech Republic; and , light pink aggregates come from Hammerunterwiesenthal, Erzgebirge, Saxony, Germany. Radiating banded Thomsonite comes from Lomba dos Pianos Quarry, Magoito, Lisbon District, Portugal; and large crystal clusters were found in the Amudikha River area, Evenkia, Russia. Some of the finest Thomsonite comes from the basalts of India, in splendid globular aggregates in light orange and pink balls at the Aurangabad and Jalgaon Districts in Maharashtra state.

In the U.S., some of the best Thomsonite aggregates, often as mushroom-like radiating masses, were found in the Upper and Lower New Street Quarries, Paterson, Passaic Co., New Jersey. Individual white crystals on Prehnite have also come from there, as well as nearby Prospect Park, also in Passaic Co. Beautiful, multicolored and banded Thomsonite is well-known at Thomsonite beach, Grand Marais, Cook Co., Minnesota. These forms are usually polished and tumbled, and may even be polished while remaining on their basalt matrix. Good Thomsonite can be found at North Table Mountain, Golden, Jefferson Co., Colorado. In Oregon, round balls aggregates are found in Goble, Columbia Co.; and light orange masses at Drain, Douglas Co.

COMMON MINERAL ASSOCIATIONS
Prehnite, Laumontite, Natrolite, Chabazite, Analcime, Mesolite, Apophyllite, Chlorite

DISTINGUISHING SIMILAR MINERALS
Stilbite - Different aggregate formation.
Natrolite - Usually less rounded.


thomsonite PHOTOS
 
ADDITIONAL RESOURCES
 
DISCUSSIONView Forum | Post to Forum
Have a question about Thomsonite? Visit our Q&A Community and ask the experts!
PAGE SPONSOR  

To sponsor this page, click here.

Let us know how we can update this page
(Click for more details)
We strive for accurate content and locality information. If you feel any of the content is incorrect, or if you feel we are missing vital locality information, please fill out the form below so we can update the site. If you are requesting a locality be added, please only include significant locality occurences for the mineral.