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Serandite, Rhodochrosite, & Analcime

The Mineral serandite




Serandite is a very rare mineral except at one locality, where it forms in large, well-shaped crystals. It is probably the most famous mineral from the unique pegmatite occurrence of Mont Saint Hilaire, Quebec. Serandite forms very attractive pink and salmon-colored crystals, and its frequent association with Analcime is a popular combination. Many minerals form pseudomorphs after Serandite, completely replacing the Serandite but preserving its original shape.
Chemical Formula Na(Mn,Ca)2Si3O8(OH)
Composition Basic sodium manganese calcium silicate
Color Pink, orange, red, tan, and brown. May oxidize brown or black upon exposure to air.
Streak White
Hardness 5 - 5.5
Crystal System Triclinic
Crystal Forms
and Aggregates
Occurs in prismatic and tabular crystals. Crystals can be long and slender or short and stubby. Aggregates include bladed, columnar, encrusting, acicular, radiating, and fibrous. Crystals may sometimes have etchings or small holes.
Transparency Transparent to nearly opaque
Specific Gravity 3.2 - 3.4
Luster Vitreous, greasy
Cleavage 1,2 - pinacoidal, similar to that of the pyroxene minerals
Fracture Uneven, splintery
Tenacity Brittle
In Group Silicates; Inosilicates
Striking Features Color, locality, and mineral associations
Environment In alkali-rich nepheline syenite pegmatites.
Rock Type Igneous
Popularity (1-4) 3
Prevalence (1-3) 1
Demand (1-3) 1


Serandite ON EBAY



USES
Serandite is well sought after by mineral collectors, and good specimens are very costly and in demand.

NOTEWORTHY LOCALITIES
Small amounts of Serandite were found on Rouma Island, Los Islands, Guinea; the Shkatulka pegmatite in the Umbozero mine, Kola Peninsula, Russia; the Gem Mine, San Benito Co., California; and in the Demix-Varennes quarry, Saint-Amable, Quebec (Canada). However, the finest examples of this mineral occur in relative abundance in Mont Saint Hilaire, Quebec (Canada) which is the only significant source of this mineral. Serandite is one of the minerals responsible for making the unique locality of Mont Saint Hilaire famous.

COMMON MINERAL ASSOCIATIONS
Analcime, Aegirine, Albite, Calcite, Fluorite, Natrolite

DISTINGUISHING SIMILAR MINERALS
The locality and color of Serandite can distinguish it from virtually all minerals.


serandite PHOTOS
 
ADDITIONAL RESOURCES
 
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