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Black Hastingsite Crystal Plate

The hastingsite Mineral Group




Hastingsite is a member of the extended Hornblende group. There are several variations of Hastingsite with different elemental substitutions. Some of these are recognized as individual minerals, thereby making Hastingsite a mineral group, with Hastingsite the dominating member. Hastingsite is named after Hastings Co. in Ontario, which is the type locality for this mineral.
Chemical Formula NaCa2Fe2+3Fe3+4Al2Si6O22(OH)2
Composition Basic sodium, calcium, iron and aluminum silicate.
Variable Formula (Na,K)Ca2(Fe2+3,Mg4)Fe3+4Al2Si6O22(OH,F,Cl)2
The above formula encompasses all the recognized member minerals of the extended Hastingsite group
Color Black, gray, dark green, beige, tan, brown
Streak Light gray with a greenish tinge
Hardness 5 - 6
Crystal System Monoclinic
Crystal Forms
and Aggregates
Prismatic or tabular crystals are uncommon. They are usually flattened-with a narrow, diamond-shaped cross-section and pointed top. Most often in dense groups of platy or grainy crystals, acicular, radiating, fibrous, columnar, and massive. Crystals are sometimes striated.
Transparency Translucent to opaque
Specific Gravity 3.2 - 3.6
Luster Vitreous, submetallic, dull
Cleavage 1,2 - prismatic
Fracture Uneven
Tenacity Brittle
In Group Silicates; Inosilicates; Amphibole Group
Striking Features Cleavage angles, environment, and crystal habit
Environment In marble deposits, metamorphic gneiss, and nepheline syenites.
Rock Type Metamorphic
Popularity (1-4) 3
Prevalence (1-3) 2
Demand (1-3) 3


Hastingsite AUCTIONS

VARIETIES
Hastingsite is the name of an individual mineral, as well as group name for several similar Hastingsite-related minerals with slight variations of elements in their chemical formula. The main variety is magenesio-hastingsite, but there are several other rare combinations defined by the IMA as individual minerals with potassium, fluorine, and chlorine. These rare varieties are not listed here.
 -  Variety of Hastingsite where magnesium partially replaces the iron where the magnesium is more dominant. Magnesio-hastingsite is recognized by the IMA as a distinct mineral species with the following chemical formula: NaCa2Mg4Fe3+Al2Si6O22(OH)2



NOTEWORTHY LOCALITIES
Hastingsite is fairly common, though often perceived as Hornblende and not further identified. It generally does not make aesthetic mineral specimens, and is not commonly represented in collections. Thus, only few localities are mentioned here. The type locality of Hastingsite, where it forms in stubby crystals, is Dungannon Township, Hastings Co., Ontario, Canada. Hastingsite is very prevalent as black crystallized plates throughout the old iron mines of the Hudson Highlands and Ramapo Mountains, Rockland and Orange Counties, New York; and across the border in Passaic County, New Jersey. Large crystal plates were found in the iron mines of Monroe, Orange Co., New York; and dark gray crystals at the Sterling Hill Mine, Ogdensburg, New Jersey.

A new discovery in 2013 on the Rhein Property in Amity, Orange Co., New York has yielded some exceptionally large and sharp crystals of Magnesio-hastingsite, associated with red Spinel, embedded Graphite, and an occasional Geikielite crystal. Originally mistaken for Fluoro-pargasite, these have been reanalyzed as Magnesio-hastingsite and are by far the best examples of this mineral.

COMMON MINERAL ASSOCIATIONS
Calcite, Magnetite, Biotite, Phlogopite, Graphite, Diopside, Spinel, Quartz, Epidote

DISTINGUISHING SIMILAR MINERALS
Hastingsite can be very difficult to distinguish from other Hornblendes, though a locality will often be able to isolate it.


hastingsite PHOTOS
 
ADDITIONAL RESOURCES
 
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