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Chromite with Serpentine veins

The Mineral chromite




Chromite is a commercially valuable mineral as it is the principle ore of the element chromium. However, due to mining restrictions and the fact that Chromite is not commonly found in crystallized form, it is not well-represented in mineral collections. Chromite is isomorphous with the mineral Magnesiochromite and is easily confused with it as they occur in the same environments.
Chemical Formula FeCr2O4
Composition Iron chromium oxide, often with some magnesium, sometimes with aluminum. Forms a series with the rarer mineral Magnesiochromite.
Variable Formula (Fe,Mg,Al)Cr2O4
Color Brownish-black to greenish-black
Streak Dark brown
Hardness 5.5
Crystal System Isometric
3D Crystal Atlas
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Crystal Forms
and Aggregates
Crystals, which are octahedral, are not common. More commonly occurs grainy, massive, in veins, as rounded pebbles, in rounded grains, and in nodular blobs embedded in rock.
Transparency Opaque
Specific Gravity 4.2 - 5.0
Luster Metallic to dull
Cleavage None. May exhibit parting.
Fracture Conchoidal to uneven
Tenacity Brittle
Other ID Marks Is paramagnetic and may be slightly attracted to magnetic fields.
In Group Oxides; Multiple Oxides
Striking Features Streak, hardness, and slight attraction to magnetic fields.
Environment In metamorphic Serpentine deposits, and also in ultrabasic igneous rocks, and in placer deposits. May also occur in meteorites.
Rock Type Igneous, Metamorphic, Meteoric
Popularity (1-4) 2
Prevalence (1-3) 2
Demand (1-3) 1

Chromite ON EBAY
OTHER NAMES
Cromite
Ferrous Chromite

VARIETIES
 -  Magnesium-rich variety of Chromite where the iron is replaced by magnesium. Magnesiochromite is sometimes classified as a variety of Chromite, but is scientifically recognized as an individual mineral.

USES
Chromite is the main ore of the element chromium.

NOTEWORTHY LOCALITIES
There are not many occurrences of collectible Chromite specimens, as this mineral mostly occurs in microcrystalline form in commercially exploited deposits. Thus specimens of this mineral are not commonly encountered, however large commercial deposits exist in Russia, India, Kazakstan, Philippines, New Caledonia, Kosovo, Zimbabwe, Turkey, Brazil, and Cuba.

Crystallized Chromite specimens are rare, although small octahedral crystals occur with Uvarovite in Outokumpu, Finland. An isolated find of sharp octahedral crystals, perhaps the best for this species, came from Hangda, Sierra Leone. In the U.S., Chromite has come from the Bare Hills, Baltimore Co., Maryland; and the Wood's Mine, near Texas, Lancaster Co., Pennsylvania. Small crystals also occur with Serpentine in Staten Island (Richmond Co.), New York. Other Chromite occurrences are the Stillwater Complex, Stillwater Co., Montana; and the Day Book Quarry, Toecane, Yancey Co., North Carolina.

COMMON MINERAL ASSOCIATIONS
Serpentine, Calcite, Chlorite, Talc, Olivine, Magnetite, Uvarovite

DISTINGUISHING SIMILAR MINERALS
Magnetite - Has a darker streak.
Magnesiochromite - Very difficult to distinguish, although has a grayish streak.


chromite PHOTOS
 
ADDITIONAL RESOURCES
 
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